REST Endpoints

What are REST Endpoints?

Use Groovy scripts to define REST endpoints allowing you to integrate with external systems and exchange data. An endpoint is a URL that runs a script. ScriptRunner REST Endpoints allows you to create custom endpoints to suit your needs. 

How to use REST Endpoints

REST endpoints are configured programmatically. You can define REST endpoints in ScriptRunner to:

  • Use in dashboard gadgets.

  • Receive information from external systems.

  • Plug gaps in the official REST API.

  • Allow all your XHRs to proxy through to other systems.

For example, you want to show a custom popup dialog to your users if they click a button in your Jira instance. To do this, you could create a rest endpoint that returns HTML to build the custom dialog and then use that with a custom web item to display the dialog to your users when they click a custom button within your Jira instance.

Alternatively, you may want to create a REST endpoint to receive information from an external system. For example, you have an external system you use to log all new cars in your showroom. You want to be able to call the endpoint and have ScriptRunner add a new custom field option for each new car added to the external system. 

The REST Endpoint page in ScriptRunner shows a list of all available endpoints, here you can edit, disable, and delete previously configured endpoints and create new ones.

Before you Start

See our Introduction to Atlassian Java API module to learn about using the Java API documentation.


Creating your own REST endpoint can be tricky. Before starting make sure you understand what the REST API is and how to use it.

Adding a REST Endpoint

Use the following REST endpoint example to examine the different parts of the script:

import com.onresolve.scriptrunner.runner.rest.common.CustomEndpointDelegate import groovy.json.JsonBuilder import groovy.transform.BaseScript import javax.ws.rs.core.MultivaluedMap import javax.ws.rs.core.Response @BaseScript CustomEndpointDelegate delegate doSomething( httpMethod: "GET", groups: ["jira-administrators"] ) { MultivaluedMap queryParams, String body -> return Response.ok(new JsonBuilder([abc: 42]).toString()).build() }

Line 8: This line makes methods in your script recognizable as endpoints, which is required.

Line 10: The name of the REST endpoint, which forms part of the URL. In this example, it is doSomething.

Line 11: This line configures the endpoint and determines which HTTP verb to handle and what groups to allow.

Line 12: This line contains parameters that are provided to your method body.

Line 13: The body of your method, where you will return a javax.ws.rs.core.Response object.

You can add this REST endpoint to the list of configured endpoints as an inline script or by copying into a file and adding that file as a script file. To test this endpoint, type this text into your browser:

Notice the last part of the text is the name doSomething.

<jira_base_url>/rest/scriptrunner/latest/custom/doSomething

Alternatively, you could type this into the command line utility:

  • Again, notice the name doSomething in each command.

  • admin:admin corresponds to a username and password.

curl -u admin:admin <jira_base_url>/rest/scriptrunner/latest/custom/doSomething {"abc":42}

If you are using a file, you can change the response. You may need to select the Scan button on the REST Endpoints page before calls to the endpoint return the new response. See the section on Script Root Scanning below.

Configuration

The general format of a method defining a REST endpoint is:

groovy
methodName (Map configuration, Closure closure)

For the configuration, only the following options are supported:

KeyValue

httpMethod

Choose one of: GET, POST, PUT, DELETE

groups

One or more groups. If the requesting user is in any of the groups, the request is allowed.

Either or both of these can be omitted. If you omit the groups attribute, the endpoint will be available to unauthenticated users.

Use these parameters for the closure:

ParameterTypeDescription

MultivaluedMap

queryParams

This corresponds to the URL parameters.

String

Content

This is the body of the request for httpMethod (POST, PUT, etc.).

HttpServletRequest

Request

This returns the requesting user for the instance.

You can use any of these forms for your closure:

something() { MultivaluedMap queryParams -> something() { MultivaluedMap queryParams, String body -> something() { MultivaluedMap queryParams, String body, HttpServletRequest request ->

The contents of your closure depends on what you need access to.

Access Request URL

Sometimes you may need to use the URL path after your method name. In the following example, you want to retrieve /foo/bar:

groovy
<base_url>/rest/scriptrunner/latest/custom/doSomething/foo/bar

Use the 3-parameter form of the closure definition and call the getAdditionalPath method from the base class.

For example:

groovy
doSomething() { MultivaluedMap queryParams, String body, HttpServletRequest request -> def extraPath = getAdditionalPath(request) // extraPath will contain /foo/bar when called as above }

In previous versions, an extraPath variable was used in the scripts. However, this is not thread-safe. Use the method above.

Script Root Scanning

As well as manually adding scripts or files via the UI, ScriptRunner scans your script roots for scripts that contain REST endpoints and automatically register them. To enable the scanning, set the property plugin.rest.scripts.package to a comma-delimited list of packages. For example:

groovy
-Dplugin.rest.scripts.package=com.acme.rest

On plugin enablement, scripts/classes under this package are scanned and registered if the scripts contain the following line:

groovy
@BaseScript CustomEndpointDelegate delegate

ScriptRunner also scans script plugins. To enable scanning all of your script roots, set the property to an empty string. For example:

groovy
-Dplugin.rest.scripts.package=

Package Declarations and File Paths

Your REST Endpoint's code must begin with a package declaration that matches the package configured in the system property. Likewise, the file path in your script root must match that package declaration as well.

For example, if your plugin.rest.scripts.package  system property is com.acme.rest and you want to create a custom REST Endpoint with a file named MyCustomRestEndpoint.groovy, then:

  1. The first line of the MyCustomRestEndpoint.groovy file should be package com.acme.rest .
  2. The file should have a line like @BaseScript CustomEndpointDelegate delegate  as normal.
  3. The path to the file within your script root should be com/acme/rest/MyCustomRestEndpoint.groovy .

Subpackages should be okay, so long as the sub-directory matches the package. For example, you might put the file in com/acme/rest/widgets so long as your package declaration is com.acme.rest.widgets in the top line of the file.

If you are receiving unexpected HTTP 500 errors when trying to access your REST Endpoints that were added through Script Root Scanning, check your package declaration. Case sensitivity may be an issue as well, depending on your filesystem.